Let we start How Do Our Bodies Fight Off Dangerous Chemicals? The problem for environmental chemicals is that many of them have structures that are not commonly seen in nature, so organisms simply have not had a chance to evolve defenses against these compounds.
modern life problems
It may be something like 80,000 synthetic industrial compounds in the last century, and that includes everything from plastics to flame retardant to pesticides that are used primarily to deal with many of the problems that you have in modern life and their exceedingly complicated. You have a very, very complex experiment in which I love us are the subject.
Many of these compounds
Many of these compounds are known to have an endocrine-disrupting activity, which means that they will behind to are hormone receptors and act like, or Mon mimics, many types as diseases. These are things like breast cancer and prostate are caused by the misregulation of our hormone systems. The cell is adapted to deal with compounds in the environment. An analogy we use is to say that cell’s area a little bit like nightclubs.
What we mean by that is that cell has to decide what gets in and what doesn’t the mechanism for this is by proteins called drug transporters. In that analogy, you can think of these as being a bit like the bouncers of the cell they decide who gets and who doesn’t.
Their ability to recognize a compound is very important for determining whether a mixture is going to accumulate or be eliminated from the body. So in the University of California lab what they want to do with that big pile of 80,000 compounds is decide.
rules for designing safer
Which ones are problems and regulate them accordingly and have rules for designing safer alternatives rather than simply banning a compound we can actually figure out whether a compound can be redesigned or tweaked in a certain way. so that it still gives us the beneficial properties that we want without being as persistent and that going to change the face of how we do environmental chemistry. The design of compounds that’ll be much safer.